Ovulation & Depression: How Does Ovulation Affect Mood?

How Hormones Can Make You Depressed During Ovulation

All women experience the same general hormonal changes throughout their monthly cycle, but some women are more sensitive to these changes than others. This is due to the drop in estrogen after ovulation. This can lead to mood swings, irritability, anger, and tearfulness. For some women it's just subtle and annoying, but for other women it behaves like a debilitating, albeit short-lived, depression.

So it's true that ovulation can trigger depression, but the severity and duration of this depression varies from person to person. There is a lot of evidence and literature supporting the link between ovulation and mood disorders. You will as premenstrual dysphoric syndrome (PMDD) categorized. It is assumed that PMDS is a brain chemistry disorder triggered by ovulation. A study published in the Medical Clinics of North America found that women with PMDS respond differently to normal hormonal fluctuations. 

Throughout the cycle, a woman's hormone levels will rise or fall again and again.

These changes in hormone levels can trigger changes in the balance of the neurohormones dopamine and serotonin. This, in turn, can lead to changes in mental well-being and affect mental health.

For women who are under PMDS suffering can be very distressing. If a woman is already depressed, these cyclical phases can make symptoms worse. However, only about 5% of women of childbearing age suffer from such severe PMDSthat the symptoms of depression - which begin after ovulation and end after menstruation - are severe. Signs of severe depression can include listlessness and loss of interest, difficulty concentrating, changes in eating or sleeping patterns, extreme irritability, and sometimes even suicidal thoughts.

Which people are most at risk of developing depression after ovulation?

People with underlying mental illnesses can be particularly prone to depression after ovulation. People with underlying anxiety and depression report a worsening of symptoms around the time of ovulation. Ovulation has also been associated with worsening symptoms in borderline personality disorder. According to the Center for Women's Mood Disorders at the University of North Carolina Medical Center, 40% of people diagnosed with PMS also have clinical depression, meaning the condition can be difficult to diagnose and treat effectively.


If you feel that your mood swings are getting worse or that you have mood swings related to ovulation or menstruation, it is advisable to discuss this with your doctor. Please do not suffer in silence, but contact your gynaecologist, family doctor or endocrinologist today. 





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