Folsäure und Kinderwunsch

Folic acid and the desire to have children

Folic acid and the desire to have children

What influence does folic acid have on pregnancy and the development of the baby?

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Folic acid is an absolute pregnancy superhero! Taking a dietary supplement with the recommended amount of 400 micrograms of folic acid before and during pregnancy has several benefits. On the one hand, folic acid can increase fertility and thus increase the likelihood of pregnancy. During pregnancy, folic acid helps to prevent birth defects in the baby's brain and spinal cord.

But what exactly is folic acid?

Folic acid is nothing more than a man-made form of a B vitamin called folate. Folic acid plays an important role in the formation of red blood cells and supports your baby's nervous system in the development of the brain and spinal cord. The best dietary sources of folic acid are fortified grains. Folic acid is found naturally in dark green vegetables and citrus fruits.

When should I start taking folic acid?

Birth defects tend to occur within the first 3-4 weeks of pregnancy. Therefore, it is important that you take folic acid during this early phase when your baby's brain and spinal cord are developing.

If you've already talked to your doctor when you're trying to conceive, they've probably already advised you to take folic acid. A study showed that women who took folic acid for at least a year before becoming pregnant could reduce their risk of preterm birth by 50% or more.

It is recommended to start taking folic acid daily at least one month before pregnancy and then continue every day throughout pregnancy. However, you can start taking it earlier.

It is best to discuss which preparation is best for you with your gynaecologist.

Ein Pärchen, Mann und Frau die sich glücklich umarmen und einen Schwangerschaftstest halten

How much folic acid should I take?

The recommended dose for all women of childbearing potential is 400 mg folic acid per day. If you are also taking a daily multivitamin supplement, please check how much it contains and adjust the dose accordingly.

With regard to pregnancy, the following amounts of folic acid are recommended:

  • While trying to conceive: 400 micrograms
  • For the first three months of pregnancy: 400 micrograms
  • For months four to nine of pregnancy: 600 micrograms
  • During breastfeeding: 500 micrograms

Good food sources of folic acid

There are certain foods that can help you get more folic acid from your diet. These include green vegetables (such as spinach or broccoli), legumes, seeds and nuts, but also animal products such as eggs or beef liver. The following table serves as a small overview of the foods that have a high folic acid content:

Welche Lebensmittel haben welchen Float Anteil. Von Avocado bis Leber

*Data in µg folate / 100g


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