Female cycle explained simply

The female cycle is so much more than the interaction of different hormones:

It is the pacemaker of your life, the captain at the helm of your mood and the basis for the emergence of new life. We think it's great, impressive and cause for celebration. What nature has come up with is a real miracle. But miracles don't just have to happen to us, do they?

It is important that you know your cycle and can listen to it. That's why we're explaining the 4 cycle phases that you experience every month as a person with a cycle and, above all, in which of them you can get pregnant.

  • Phase 1: Die Menstruation

    You are probably already familiar with the first phase of the cycle, as its signs are very noticeable: menstruation.

    The bleeding that occurs here marks the first day of your new cycle. It is caused when no fertilized egg has implanted itself in the previous cycle: the unneeded lining of the uterus is shed.

    In the menstrual phase, the hormones progesterone and estrogen are at their lowest. Many people with a cycle tend to withdraw in this phase, are more reflective and need time for themselves.

    Menstruation usually lasts three to seven days.

  • Phase 2: Follikelphase

    After menstruation, your body starts preparing for pregnancy:

    The hormone FSH causes several follicles (egg sacs) to mature and this increases the estrogen level in the blood. At this stage of your cycle, it's common for you to feel creative and energetic. Meanwhile, the uterus starts all over again to prepare the mucous membrane for possible implantation.

    The length of the follicular phase can vary over time: Although it is usually between six and 21 days, it can also be significantly longer because it is very susceptible to disruptive factors such as stress, illness and many more. If the follicular phase lengthens, ovulation also shifts accordingly.

  • Phase 3: ovulation phase

    The third phase of your cycle is all about you ovulation, also called ovulation.

    When enough estrogen has been produced, the hormone LH comes in and triggers ovulation. The most developed egg cell now leaves its follicle and makes its way through the fallopian tube towards the uterus. The egg cell itself is now fertile for 12-18 hours.

    Nature has also thought along here: around ovulation you often feel full of energy, self-confident and have an increased libido.

  • Phase 4: Lutealphase

    In the luteal phase, the follicle, from which the egg has burst, itself becomes an important element in the menstrual cycle: it forms the corpus luteum, which produces progesterone. That is why this phase is also called the “luteal phase”.

    The progesterone not only raises the core body temperature by 0.2 - 0.5 degrees; it also causes the lining of the uterus to thicken so that the fertilized egg can implant itself there. If fertilization does not take place, the corpus luteum dies, progesterone levels drop again and the lining of the uterus is shed again with the next period.

    The drop in your hormones can also cause your mood to fluctuate and make you more sensitive. PMS can also make itself felt in this phase.

    The luteal phase is very constant over time and usually lasts 12 - 16 days. The cool thing about it: If you know when you ovulated, then you also know when your next menstrual period will occur.

When in the cycle am I fertile?

In each cycle, the fertile phase is a maximum of seven days: these seven days include both the ovulation itself, in which the egg cell can be fertilized for about 12-18 hours, as well as up to five days beforehand, because sperm can survive in the female body for up to five days.

Therefore, fertility is highest in the follicular phase, because your egg cell is about to make its way into the fallopian tube. So if you've already had unprotected intercourse, here she can meet the sperm that's already waiting for her. Likewise, fertility naturally exists in the ovulation phase itself.

But if you now think that pregnancy is therefore impossible during menstruation, we unfortunately have to disappoint you.

Due to a very short follicular phase, it can happen that fertility already exists during the period. It is true that no egg cell can nest in the uterus while the uterine lining is being shed. However, due to the survivability of the sperm, there is still a chance of pregnancy if you have previously had unprotected sex.

Pregnancy is only no longer possible in the luteal phase because the fertile phase of the egg cell is over. Incidentally, another ovulation within the same cycle is anatomically impossible due to the high release of progesterone, which is responsible for the increase in core body temperature cares.

However, ovulation by no means always takes place on the same day of the cycle, but sometimes earlier and sometimes later. In order to determine the fertile days as accurately as possible, ovulation must be found.

And trackle can help you with that!

By reliably changing your body signs like the appearance of the Zervixschleims and the increase in core body temperature, ovulation can be precisely determined.

With this knowledge you can prevent or plan a pregnancy - you decide.